Going Green All The Way- An Empirical Study About Inculcating Sustainable And Responsible Behavior In University Students In Hungary

Universities in a country play a pivotal role in the development of society. It serves as a beacon for people attending the university. Universities, these days are focusing on several areas which have become the need of the hour. One of them which tops the list is campus sustainability. The study has been conducted in Hungary and students from various Hungarian universities have participated in the survey. It measures the impact of university’s role in sustainable development on campus sustainability with moderating role of student’s sustainability involvement and responsible behavior. The study emphasizes on the importance of sustainability at university and what factors are necessary to enhance it. No matter how much effort and sound infrastructure a university builds to maintain and build sustainability at campus, it cannot be successful until the entire campus community shows intent and strives to practice it. The findings of the study are expected to establish the fact that responsible behavior and student involvement will bring fruitful results in achieving sustainability at campus. The aim of the study is to inculcate the sense of responsibility and to emphasize that sustainability is everyone’s business. Convenience sampling has been and data has been collected quantitatively from students of University of Debrecen, Szent Istvan, Corvinus and Pázmány Péter Catholic University. The results of the research can firmly establish that responsible behavior and student’s sustainability involvement plays a major role in developing sustainable campuses. The findings of the research can be generalized for all higher education institutes in Hungary and Europe.


DOI: 10.24387/CI.2021.különszám.9


Alshuwaikhat, H., & Abubakar, I. (2008). An integrated approach to achieving campus sustainability: Assessment of the current campus environmental management practices Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsair&AN=edsair.od……3484..7e9a83d2c8df7d06a7e5e5ad82c0b756&site=eds-live

Aminrad, Z. –  Zakariya – Sharifah Zarina Binti Sayed –  Hadi, A. S., & Sakari, M. (2012). Environmental education in malaysia, progresses and challenges ahead (review) Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edswsc&AN=000309728600170&site=eds-live

Atshan, S. – Bixler, R. P. – Rai, V., & Springer, D. W. (2020). Pathways to urban sustainability through individual behaviors: The role of social capital. Environmental Science and Policy, 112, 330-339. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2020.07.005

Ávila, L. V. – Leal Filho, W. – Brandli, L. – Macgregor, C. J. – Molthan-Hill, P. – Özuyar, P. G. ( 7 ), & Moreira, R.M. ( 8,9 ). (2017). Barriers to innovation and sustainability at universities around the world. Journal of Cleaner Production, 164, 1268-1278. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.07.025

Bamberg, S. – Hunecke, M., & Blöbaum, A. (2007). Social context, personal norms and the use of public transportation: Two field studies. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(3), 190-203. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edo&AN=26568368&site=eds-live

Beynaghi, A. – Trencher, G. – Moztarzadeh, F. – Mozafari, M. – Maknoon, R., & Leal Filho, W. (2016). Future sustainability scenarios for universities: Moving beyond the united nations decade of education for sustainable development doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.10.117

Corcoran, P. B., & Wals, A. E. J. (2004). The problematics of sustainability in higher education: An introduction Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsair&AN=edsair.narcis……..d7ebba2940cac1e19e2753ed121c51c8&site=eds-live

Dagiliūtė, R. – Liobikienė, G., & Minelgaitė, A. (2018). Sustainability at universities: Students’ perceptions from green and non-green universities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 181, 473-482. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.213

Dagiliūtė, R., & Liobikienė, G. (2015). University contributions to environmental sustainability: Challenges and opportunities from the lithuanian case. Journal of Cleaner Production, 108, 891-899. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.07.015

Disterheft, A. ( 1,2 ), Caeiro, S. ( 3 ), Azeiteiro, U. M. ( 4 ), & Leal Filho, W. ( 5 ). (2013). Sustainability science and education for sustainable development in universities: A way for transition Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02375-5_1

Dunlap, R. E. – Van Liere, K. D. – Mertig, A. G., & Jones, R. E. (2000). Measuring endorsement of the new ecological paradigm: A revised NEP scale. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 425-442. doi:10.1111/0022-4537.00176

Filho, W. L. – Doni, F. – Vargas, V. R. – Wall, T. – Hindley, A. – Rayman-Bacchus, L. – Avila, L. V. (2019). The integration of social responsibility and sustainability in practice: Exploring attitudes and practices in higher education institutions doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.02.139

Hart, T. A. – Fox, C. J. – Ede, K. F., & Korstad, J. (2015). Do, but don’t tell: The search for social responsibility and sustainability in the websites of the top-100 US MBA programs. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16(5), 706-728. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=eric&AN=EJ1069904&site=eds-live http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-06-2014-0084

Hines, J. M. – Hungerford, H. R., & Tomera, A. N. (1987). Analysis and synthesis of research on responsible environmental behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Education, 18(2), 1-8. doi:10.1080/00958964.1987.9943482

Horváth, Zs. – Szakács, A. – Szakács, Zs. (2018). Insider Research on Diversity and Inclusion: Methodological Considerations. MEDNARODNO INOVATIVNO POSLOVANJE / JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT 10:1 pp. 1-15.

Karpudewan, M. – Ponniah, J., & Zain, A. N. M. (2016). Project-based learning: An approach to promote energy literacy among secondary school students doi:10.1007/s40299-015-0256-z

Kristina, v. O. (2004). Environmental certification at mälardalen university. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 5(2), 133-146. doi:10.1108/14676370410526224

Leon-Fernandez, Y. – Gomera, A. – Antunez, M. – Martinez-Escrich, B. – Villamandos, F., & Vaquero, M. (2018). Enhancing environmental management in universities through participation: The case of the university of cordoba doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.103

Mirrahimi, S. – Tawil, N. M. – Abdullah, N. A. G. – Surat, M., & Usman, I. M. S. (2011). Developing conducive sustainable outdoor learning: The impact of natural environment on learning, social and emotional intelligence. Procedia Engineering, 20, 389-396. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.181

Nejati, M., & Nejati, M. (2012). Assessment of sustainable university factors from the perspective of university students. Journal of Cleaner Production, doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.09.006

Ragazzi, M., & Ghidini, F. (2017). Environmental sustainability of universities: Critical analysis of a green ranking. Energy Procedia, 119, 111-120. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.054

Sharp, L. (2002). Green campuses: the road from little victories to systemic transformation. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 3(2), 128-145. doi:10.1108/14676370210422357

Sivek, D. J. , & Hungerford, H.  (1990). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three wisconsin conservation organizations. Journal of Environmental Education, 21(2), 35-40. doi:10.1080/00958964.1990.9941929

Sivek, D. J., & Hungerford, H. (1989). Predictors of responsible behavior in members of three wisconsin conservation organizations. Journal of Environmental Education, 21(2), 35. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edb&AN=8294810&site=eds-live

Steg, L., & Vlek, C. (2009). Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(3), 309-317. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.10.004

Steg, L., & Vlek, C. (2009). Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(3), 309-317. doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.10.004

Szakács, A. – Szakács, Zs. – Horváthné, A. K. – Horváth, Zs. (2018a). Importance of insurance and financial safety. In: Zéman, Z; Magda, R (ed.) Controller Info Studies II. Budapest, Magyarország, Copy & Consulting Kft. pp. 121-125.

Szakács, A. – Szakács, Zs.- Horváth, Zs. (2018b). The importance of financial consumer protection. In: Zéman, Z; Magda, R (ed.) Controller Info Studies II. Budapest, Magyarország, Copy & Consulting Kft. pp. 177-183.

Szakács, A. – Szakács, Zs.- Tariszka, É. -Horváth, Zs. (2018c). Effects and solutions of climate change. In: Zéman, Z; Magda, R (ed.) Controller Info Studies II. Budapest, Magyarország, Copy & Consulting Kft. pp. 183-190.

Velazquez, L. – Munguia, N. & Sanchez, M. (2005). Deterring sustainability in higher education institutions: An appraisal of the factors which influence sustainability in higher education institutions. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 6(4), 383-391. doi:10.1108/14676370510623865

Velazquez, L. – Munguia, N. – Platt, A., & Taddei, J. (2006). Sustainable university: What can be the matter? Journal of Cleaner Production, 14(9-11), 810-819. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.12.008

Wang, T. – Wu, P. – Ge, Q., & Ning, Z. (2021). Ticket prices and revenue levels of tourist attractions in china: Spatial differentiation between prefectural units. Tourism Management, 83 doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2020.104214

Yoh, G. – Tolb, R. S. J., & Murphy, D. (2007). On setting near-term climate policy while the dust begins to settle: The legacy of the stern review. Energy & Environment, 18(5), 621-633. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edb&AN=25782490&site=eds-live

Yuan, X. – Zuo, J. & Huisingh, D. (2013). Green universities in china – what matters? Journal of Cleaner Production, 61, 36-45. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.12.030